Nuovo Cilento Territory

The Cilento

The home of the Cooperativa Nuovo  Cilento is the National Park of Cilento, Vallo di Diano and Alburni a large and varied territory south of the province of Salerno, in southern Campania. 

The history of the territory

It has included centers and human presences since prehistoric times. In fact, we find conspicuous remains of the Paleolithic among the most important in Europe (starting from 450,000 years ago) first in Camerota, then in Castelcivita.

The Greek colonization from the end of the sixth century B.C. manifests itself with the coastal cities of Posidonia / Paestum, Velia, Palinuro, Pixunte with their internal fortified centers. 

The Lucanians  in the fourth century, a, C. affirm their most important presence in Paestum and Roccagloriosa (in Capitenali).

The Romans took over the territory from 273 BC. Together with Vallo di Diano, Western Lucania and Calabria, Cilento was part of the Augustan “Tertia Regio”. After the end of the Roman Empire the territory passed from Byzantine hands, to the Lombard, Norman, Swabian, Angevin, Aragonese, Spanish, French, Austrian, until it was integrated into the Kingdom of Italy and became a National Park, Unesco heritage, in the nineties.

The most important remains of the Middle Ages date back to the presence of the Norman family of Sanseverino, of which the Castle of Rocca Cilento survives.

In medieval times, the toponym Cilento concerned the villages at the foot of Monte della Stella (1131 m); this area is referred to as “Cilento antico”.

The geography of the territory

The town’s name Cilento derives from the Latin “cis-Alentum”, or “on this side of the river Alento” and appears as early as 994 AD. The area, now included in the National Park perimeter, was geographically recognized in the valleys of Alento, Mingardo, Bussento, Calore, Diano, large ecological corridors rich in history and fascinating naturalistic destinations.

Today the toponym Cilento tends to include all this vast area as an effect  of the unifying role of the National Park

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UNESCO World Heritage Park, Biosphere Reserve and Geopark

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181048

Hectares of coast, hills and mountains

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9215

Hectares of marine protected areas

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2031

Classified plants

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Slow Food Presidia

"I came to Pioppi, in Cilento, to live 20 years longer. Here I have the vegetable garden and olive trees outside the front door, homemade bread, fresh fish every morning."

Ancel Keys, creator of the Mediterranean diet

The Cilento of Records

The territory includes many mountains over a thousand meters,  extensive woods, pastures, hills rich in agricultural products DOP Cilento and BIO, fantastic beaches,  which are at the top of the Italian rankings of Legambiente, Touring Club, Blue Flag. 

Cilento is the territory of records: these are just some of the most prestigious testimonies, real national, European and world records that the territory includes.

THE MOUNTAINS

49 mountain peaks over a thousand meters high, including  Monte Cervati (1,898 m), the highest peak in the countryside, and Monte Motola (1,700 m), with the largest yew and silver fir forest in Southern Italy.

THE CAVES AND THE RIVER

The Caves of Castelcivita (4,800 m long), one of the largest speleological complexes in southern Italy with finds from the Paleolithic, the Pertosa Caves, with an underground river and the remains of a pile-dwelling village of 2000 BC, and the Bussento river with  the  longest underground karst path in Italy (4 km as the crow flies) between Caselle in Pittari and Morigerati.

BIODIVERSITY

2,031 species of different plants classified, equal to a quarter of Italian biodiversity, and the unique collections of seeds and plants in the Ecomuseums of  Sassano and Teggiano

The Naturalistic Museum

The Naturalistic Museum  of the Alburni boasts one of the most important collections in Italy with finds of 530 species  of birds, 60 of mammals, 20,000 of insects as  well as crustaceans.

THE SEA

12 Blue Flag beaches in  2022,  the cleanest marine waters in Italy  in Acciaroli according to Legambiente and  the most beautiful beach in Italy Cala Bianca make the coast one of the most coveted of the peninsula

THE PALEOLITHIC

Places of the Paleolithic among the most important in Europe: Camerota-Scario and Castelcivita, Cala Bianca, Cala d’Arconte, caves of Cala, Poggio, Serratura, Noglio, the shelter of the Molar.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARKS

Paestum, the archaeological park with the best preserved Greek temples in the world and the museum with the oldest Greek-Italic painting, and the Archaeological Park of Velia, a Greek-Ionian urban heritage still intact.

THE CHARTERHOUSE

The magnificent Certosa di Padula, the largest and most spectacular in Italy, covers 51,500 m² arranged on three cloisters, a garden, a courtyard and a church. It houses the provincial archaeological museum of western Lucania.

art

The best preserved frescoes of Byzantine culture of the  X-XI century A.D. in Italy in the Abbey of the Italo-Greek Monks in Pattano and the paintings of the Southern Renaissance of Raphael’s pupils in Novi Velia in S. Maria dei Lombardi.

THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET

Pioppi, a town that was for 40 years the residence with gardens of Ancel Keys and his collaborators, fathers of the Mediterranean Diet UNESCO heritage, and the Museum of the Mediterranean diet with the documents of the founding fathers.

Sustainable holidays
with the Cooperativa Nuovo Cilento

Do you want to spend a holiday in one of the natural territories with a unique biodiversity,
including archaeological sites and artistic wonders?

Choose Cilento and set off on a life-long Mediterranean journey:
browse the
sustainable accommodation facilities of the Cooperativa Agricola Nuovo Cilento.

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New Cilento

AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE

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Oil, legumes, preserves, pasta, sauces, wines. Discover and buy online the excellence of the Cooperativa Nuovo Cilento.

RESTAURANT AL FRANTOIO

From the land to the table. Everything we produce becomes the protagonist of experiences of pure Cilento taste in our restaurant.

EDUCATIONAL FARM

Environmental, sensory and nutritional education. Discover our educational paths and workshops for schools, companies and researchers.

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